The Federal Council is easing further measures. Many businesses and institutions are allowed to open and events are permitted, as long as they have appropriate precautionary measures in place. Continue to observe the hygiene and social distancing rules in day-to-day life. The coronavirus should not be allowed to spread again.
In March, the Federal Council issued a series of measures to tackle the coronavirus – legal requirements such as bans on certain types of events and activities, as well as hygiene and social distancing rules. These were intended to protect the public and contain the further spread of the new coronavirus. The Federal Council is now gradually easing these measures.
As of 6 June, further businesses and institutions will be allowed to reopen. Events for up to 300 people will then also be allowed to take place. The requirement being that a set of precautionary measures is in place. If close contact is likely, the contact details of those concerned are to be taken in order to be able to trace the chain of transmission. Furthermore, everyone involved – that is to say event organisers and participants, employees, customers, teachers, students, apprentices, athletes and trainers – must be able to observe the rules on hygiene and social distancing.
Council has also decided to downgrade the situation status under the terms of the Epidemics Act from ‘extraordinary' to ‘special' with effect from 19 June.
- Conditions for operating businesses/institutions and conducting activities
- Easing of measures
- Still prohibited
- Measures already eased
- Never prohibited
- Continue to observe the rules on hygiene and social distancing
- Employers must protect people at especially high risk
- Restrictions on entering Switzerland
- Exceptions for cantons at particular risk
- Healthcare provision
- Reporting requirement for healthcare providers
- Criminal provisions
- Ordinance and explanations
Conditions for operating businesses/institutions and conducting activities
In order to reopen or resume activities, a set of precautionary measures must be in place, in accordance with federal government requirements. This also applies for businesses and activities exempted from the ban. Everyone concerned must be able to comply with the precautionary measures. In most cases, one of the precautionary measures involves taking contact details to be able to identify close contacts in the event that someone becomes infected, and ensure traceability.
Private events for up to 300 people do not require a set of precautionary measures. The host must however be able to trace all those present in the event of a new infection.
Those running the relevant facilities and institutions and those organising events and activities are responsible for fulfilling all applicable requirements. This also applies to the self-employed and businesses exempted from the ban.
Neither the federal government nor the cantons validate or approve these sets of precautionary measures The cantons will monitor compliance.
Sets of precautionary measures
Instructions and information on precautionary measures can be found under Requirements for sets of precautionary measures .
Easing of measures
Numbers of people testing positive for the virus are continuing to fall. The Federal Council is therefore able to further ease the measures in place under certain conditions.
Three are main considerations:
- How high is the risk that there will be more infections? How many people may be exposed to a higher risk of infection?
- How high is the risk that serious illness or deaths will result?
- How high is the chance that infections and serious illness can be avoided by introducing and complying with precautionary measures?
Other factors include:
- Levels of public acceptance for the decisions and their economic benefits
- The planning involved in easing the measures: how much time is needed to organise the measures, e.g. to order products that are needed or to introduce precautionary measures.
Permitted since 28 May
- All forms of religious services and religious celebrations, privately or in a community
Permitted since 30 May
- Gatherings in public of groups of up to 30 people (in public spaces, promenades and parks)
Open/permitted from 1 June
- Gathering of signatures in public spaces
Open/permitted from 6 June
- Company meetings up to 300 people (period of notice for convening meetings at which participants exercise their rights in writing or electronically: 1 July)
- Establishments such as casinos, amusement parks, animal parks, zoos and botanic gardens, spas, swimming pools
- Summer tourism businesses such as campsites, mountain rail and cableways, toboggan runs, bike tracks and rope parks
- Strip clubs, escort services and services offered by sex workers
- Holiday camps for up to 300 children and young people
- Hospitality sector: activities such as pool, darts and live music performances
- Condition: Consumption only when seated (does not apply to discos, nightclubs and the like)
- Restricted opening hours
- Hospitality sector: Visits to restaurants for groups of more than 4 people
- Conditions: Contact details of at least one member of the group must be taken
- Consumption only when seated (does not apply to discos, nightclubs and the like)
- Restricted opening hours
- Political and civil society demonstrations of up to 300 people (Condition: one person must be designated to compliance with precautionary measures)
- Classroom teaching at upper secondary and vocational schools, higher education and other educational institutions
- Sports training involving physical contact such as wrestling, boxing, American football and rugby
- Sports competitions with up to 300 people (Condition: one person must be designated to compliance with precautionary measures)
- Events with up to 300 people
Permitted from 15 June
- Border crossings to and from Germany, France and Austria
Prospective easing of measures
The Federal Council will decide on events for up to 1000 people and the easing of further restrictions on 24 June. Large-scale events with more than 1000 people continue to be prohibited until 31 August.
- Sports competitions involving close physical contact
- Gatherings in public of groups of more than 30 people
- Political and civil society demonstrations of more than 300 people
- Events with more than 300 people
Measures already eased
Open/permitted since 27 April
This phase of the easing concerned healthcare institutions, self-service facilities, personal services and DIY and garden centres.
- All procedures at hospitals, medical and dental practices
- All procedures at other healthcare institutions such as physiotherapy and massage practices
- DIY stores, garden centres and florists
- Funerals attended by family members
- Self-service facilities such as car washes, solariums and pick-your-own crops
- Personal services involving physical contact such as hairdressers, beauty salons and tattoo studios
Open/permitted since 11 May
This phase concerns primary and lower secondary schools, shops, markets, museums, libraries, certain sports facilities and restaurants.
- Visits to restaurants, bars and pubs under the following conditions:
- individual groups of guests consist of no more than 4 people or parents with children (incl. patchwork families)
- customers are seated to consume food and beverages
- Shops and markets
- Museums, libraries, archives (excl. reading rooms)
- Classroom teaching at primary and lower secondary schools
- Classroom teaching of up to 5 people, including the teacher at upper secondary schools, higher education and other educational institutions (driving school, language schools)
- Exams at educational institutions
- Travel agencies
- Recreational sports activities not involving physical contact by individuals and in groups of up to 5 people (including coach, trainer or supervisor), incl. use of sports facilities as long as precautionary measures are in place and observed.
- Training involving physical contact by team members, playing in a predominantly professional league (competitive and top level sport). These must follow strict hygiene rules as part of a set of precautionary measures.
- Training sessions for competitive athletes who are members of a national squad, or who train as individuals or in groups of up to 5 people (including coach, trainer or supervisor), or as part of a regular competitive team (competitive and top level sport).
- Food stores and other shops selling articles for everyday use (e.g. kiosks and petrol station shops)
- Healthcare facilities such as hospitals, clinics and medical practices, and practices and establishments run by health professionals under federal and cantonal law (information on health professionals is available in German, French and Italian)
- Hotels and accommodation establishments
- Maintenance facilities for vehicles and other means of transport
- Penal institutions: We recommend that penal institutions (prisons and other places of detention) refer to the guidance issued by international organisations, in particular the recommendations of the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Council of Europe, in setting measures to reduce the risk of transmission and combat the new coronavirus.
- Petrol stations
- Pharmacies, drugstores and shops selling medical aids (e.g. eyeglasses and hearing aids)
- Pitches for caravans and mobile homes envisaged for long-term rental or for itinerant travellers.
- Post offices and sub-post offices
- Public administration offices
- Railway stations and other public transport facilities
- Sales points for telecommunications providers
- Social work establishments (e.g. points of contact)
- Takeaway establishments, staff canteens, meal delivery services and restaurants for hotel guests
Answers to questions about easing the measures can be found on the FAQ page.
Continue to observe the rules on hygiene and social distancing
Even though the Federal Council is now easing certain measures as long as strict protective measures are put in place, the coronavirus is still with us. And we must therefore accept that it will be with us for some time to come. Only by continuing to follow the rules on hygiene and social distancing can we reduce the risk of the new coronavirus spreading again.
People over the age of 65 and those with an underlying medical condition should avoid places where there are likely to be large numbers of people (e.g. railway stations and public transport) and peak times (e.g. shopping on Saturdays, rush hour). Further information can be found under People at especially high risk.
Employers must protect people at especially high risk
Employees must be given special protection. On 16 April the Federal Council issued fresh guidance on who is considered to be at especially high risk and what corresponding protective measures need to be taken.
Employers must allow employees at especially high risk to work from home and must undertake the necessary organisational and technical measures, and if necessary allow them to undertake appropriate alternative tasks.
If a person at especially high risk is only able to perform their work at the workplace, the employer must adapt the workplace or working procedures accordingly to ensure that the person is protected. If the employer fails to do so, the employee at risk must be placed on leave but continue to receive their wages.
If it is not possible for the employee concerned to work from home and if they consider the risk to their health to be too great, they may refuse to work at the workplace. The employer must then place the employee on leave while continuing to pay their wages.
Employees at especially high risk must provide their employer with a personal declaration to that effect. The employer may request a doctor’s certificate.
Restrictions on entering Switzerland
The Federal Council is closely monitoring the epidemiological situation in Switzerland and in other countries, and is deciding what measures can be eased on that basis. This includes provisions on entering Switzerland, which have gradually been adapted since mid-May.
If you are travelling to Switzerland, you must observe the applicable hygiene and social distancing rules. You will be provided with key information regarding the epidemiological situation in Switzerland at the point of entry.
In view of the uncertain situation, entry restrictions can change quickly depending on the country of origin and the point of entry. You may be asked to complete a health questionnaire or have your temperature taken.
Consult the website of the State Secretariat for Migration SEM before your journey where you will find FAQs on entry restrictions and exceptions, freedom of movement and visas.
There is no quarantine requirement for travellers entering Switzerland who are free of symptoms of illness.
At establishments frequented by the public such as restaurants, shops and museums, you must follow the special sets of precautionary measures that will be explained to you on the premises.
If you are over the age of 65 or have an underlying medical condition, please refer to our recommendations for people at especially high risk.
Exceptions for cantons at particular risk
The Federal Council can authorise the cantons to limit or suspend the activity of certain branches of the economy for a limited time and for specific regions if the epidemiological situation indicates a particular risk to the health of the population.
The Federal Council may authorise such requests in part or in full, a particular consideration being whether the branch of the economy concerned would be impaired by a lack of cross-border workers.
Businesses able to demonstrate that they comply with the prevention measures under Art. 7d para 1 of the COVID-19 Ordinance 2, may continue to operate.
The cantons can require public and private hospitals to make capacity available to treat patients suffering from COVID-19.
Hospitals are required to have sufficient stocks of essential medicines to treat patients suffering from COVID-19 and for other urgent medical treatments.
Federal Council wants to safeguard the supply of medical goods.
- By introducing a duty to report for important therapeutic products and medical goods it is possible to identify supply shortages in good time and resolve them in a targeted manner. The important medical goods in question will be listed in COVID-19 Ordinance 2, examples of which include ventilators, diagnosis tests, surgical masks or protective clothing, as well as certain medicinal products.
- The Confederation can centrally procure important medical products which cannot be acquired via the usual channels, so as to support the cantons and their healthcare institutions, non-profit organisations and third parties (e.g. laboratories, pharmacies). The material will then be distributed centrally.
- Certain medicinal products may be used in the treatment of coronavirus patients without being licensed by Swissmedic. The prerequisite is that the medicinal products contain an active pharmaceutical ingredient listed in the relevant Ordinance, and that a licence application has been submitted to Swissmedic.
The individual provisions relating to the supply of important medical goods can be found in COVID-19 Ordinance 2.
Reporting requirement for healthcare providers
The federal government wants to coordinate healthcare. To do this it needs up-to-date information from hospitals. The cantons are therefore required to notify the Coordinated Medical Services (CMS) of how many hospital beds or intensive care spaces are occupied, for example.
A failure to adhere to the enacted bans is punishable by a custodial sentence of up to three years or by a fine.
You will find more information in Ordinance 2 on measures to prevent coronavirus (COVID-19) (COVID-19 Ordinance 2).
Ordinance and explanations
Last modification 30.05.2020